With the introduction of tax reform this year, you may be looking at your finances and wondering how you will be impacted. For many taxpayers, the new tax law creates an opportunity in the form of increased disposable income. Here are a few of the changes that may affect you.
Income Tax Brackets
Whether you’re a single filer or a married person who files jointly, separately or as head of household, your tax bracket will be new in 2018. The new law maintains seven tax brackets, but lowers rates for most brackets: 10, 12, 22, 24, 32, 35 and 37 percent. Most taxpayers will see their tax rate decrease. A married couple with a combined income of $150,000, for example, will go from a 25 percent tax rate to 22 percent under the new law.
The new law nearly doubles the standard deduction to $12,000 for single filers, $18,000 for heads of household and $24,000 for joint filers.
The new tax law repeals the personal exemption.
If you elect to itemize this year, your deductions may look a little different (though charitable deductions remain under the new law). If you purchase a new home, there is now a cap on the mortgage interest deduction for the first $750,000 of debt on your primary residence. Under the new plan, if you itemize your deductions, you will be able to deduct up to $10,000 for income, sales and property taxes.
Charitable Contributions for Cash Gifts
The new law increases the 50 percent of your adjusted gross income limitation for donations by cash, check or credit card to 60 percent.
What Didn’t Change
- Charitable Deductions
You will still be able to deduct your charitable contributions when you itemize your taxes.
- Long-Term Capital Gains and Dividends
The tax rates on capital gains and dividends remain the same at 0, 15 and 20 percent, depending on your tax bracket.
- Charitable Contributions of Appreciated Property
The limitation on charitable gifts of long-term appreciated property to public charities will remain at 30 percent of your adjusted gross income. You can still carry over any excess for up to five additional years.
Talk With Your Tax Professional
There are many ways you can give this year that not only make a difference at The Smith Center, but offer you benefits as well. Please consult with your tax or financial advisors to determine the best charitable giving strategies for you.
A Great Time to Be Charitable
With the lower tax brackets, you may find yourself in a better financial position to help causes that matter most to you. There are many ways you can make a difference at The Smith Center while enjoying financial benefits for yourself. Here are two popular ones:
- Name The Smith Center as a beneficiary of retirement plan accounts. Assets in your IRA, 401(k) or other qualified retirement plan accounts remain subject to income tax when distributed to your heirs. If you name The Smith Center as a beneficiary of all or part of your plan, your gift will pass to us tax-free.
- Give from your IRA (if you are 70½ or older). Regardless of whether you itemize your taxes, this gift helps you fulfill your required minimum distribution and is not considered taxable income.
We Can Help
If you’re wondering how tax reform will affect your charitable contributions, we can help you sort through the changes. Simply contact Heather Estus at 702-749-2346 or HEstus@thesmithcenter.com with any questions you have.